Pazartesi, Eylül 27, 2021

Covid-19 Surpasses 1918 Flu to Become Deadliest Pandemic in American History

 

The 1918 flu, also known as the Spanish flu, spread worldwide during 1918 and 1919. In the U.S. it was first identified in military personnel in the spring of 1918 and mostly affected younger populations less than five years old, between 20 to 40 years old and those 65 years of age or older.

  Navy Medicine via Wikicommons under CC BY 2.0

The coronavirus pandemic has become the deadliest disease outbreak in recent American history with tolls surpassing the estimated deaths of the 1918 flu. According to data from Johns Hopkins University, 681,253 individuals in the United States have died from Covid-19 infections, while over a century ago, the country lost an estimated 675,000 people during the 1918 influenza pandemic, reports Holly Yan for CNN.

Many health experts suspect that the Covid-19 pandemic’s high death tolls are a result of America’s insufficient response to control the pandemic early on—despite modern day scientific and medical advances—and consider the phenomenon a tragedy, reports Carla K. Johnson for the Associated Press. Currently, an average of 1,900 deaths are reported per day in the U.S. Experts suspect the recent surge is due in part to the persistence of the deadlier Delta variant, reports CNBC’s Berkeley Lovelace Jr.

“It’s generally known around the world that America didn’t do a very good job in the early stages of controlling the pandemic,” says David Morens, a medical historian at the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, to Helen Branswell for STAT News.

The 1918 flu, also known as the Spanish flu, spread worldwide during 1918 and 1919. In the U.S., it was first identified in military personnel in the spring of 1918 and mostly affected children less than five years old, adults between 20 to 40 years old, and seniors 65 years of age or older. Mortality rate was high in healthy people between 20 and 40 years old, making this a unique and devastating feature of the influenza virus, per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

When looking at two separate pandemics that occurred in different time periods, understanding the context of all technological, medical, cultural, and social advances that occurred over the past century is important, reports CNBC.

American population numbers were vastly different. In 1918, the population was less than a third of today's at 103 million people living in U.S. right before the 1920s. Now, there are 303 million people living in the country. So, while the 1918 flu killed one in every 150 Americans, Covid-19 has killed one in 500 people so far, per CNBC. Globally, Covid-19 has taken the lives of 4.7 million people, whereas the 1918 pandemic killed an estimated 20 million to 50 million people. When looking at the national population-level data during the two events, the 1918 influenza still tops Covid-19, per Stat News.

Medicine was also not as advanced during 1918, and a vaccine against influenza was not available, according to CNN. To control infections a century ago, non-pharmaceutical interventions—like isolation, quarantine, use of disinfectants, cloth masks and limits of public gatherings—were enforced, according to the CDC.   

However, Covid-19 cases are still rising despite the availability of vaccines, and other modern medicine practices. Currently, millions of Americans have still not been vaccinated, per CNN.

“Remember, we’re still counting,” Morens tells STAT News. “In 1918, the pandemic became not so deadly within two years. We have no idea — I don’t, and I don’t trust anybody who says they do — where this Covid-19 will go.”

Epidemiologist Stephen Kissler from the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health suggests that another reason for high rates of Covid-19 infection is from the misinformation that spread through the internet, per CNN.

“The truth is we have no historical precedent for the moment we’re in now,” writes Howard Markel, the director of the Center for History of Medicine at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, last month in the Atlantic. “We need to stop thinking back to 1918 as a guide for how to act in the present and to start thinking forward from 2021 as a guide to how to act in the future.”



Cumartesi, Eylül 25, 2021

Lauren Cho disappearance: Search intensifies for missing New Jersey woman last seen near Joshua Tree

 

YUCCA VALLEY, Calif. (KABC) -- Investigators have ramped up their search for a 30-year-old New Jersey woman who was last seen three months ago in Yucca Valley.

Lauren "El" Cho was last seen on June 28, walking away from the home where she had been staying with her former partner.


Air and ground searches have been conducted since Cho's disappearance, but so far there's been no sign of her.

Cho is described as 5 feet 3 inches tall, weighing 110 pounds, with black hair and brown eyes. She was last seen wearing a yellow T-shirt and jean shorts.

"We're hoping that will jog somebody's memory and provide more information for our investigators," said Gloria Huerta, spokeswoman for the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department.


"Missing person" flyers have been posted in and around Yucca Valley and Morongo Valley.

Maya Millette disappearance: Family hopes search will attract as much attention as Gabby Petito case



Salı, Eylül 14, 2021

Los Angeles Car Accident Lawyer

 


Fighting for the rights of clients injured in traffic accidents throughout California

There are over 26 million licensed drivers in the state of California – more than any other state. Moreover, Los Angeles, known as a “driving city,” regularly tops lists of the world’s most congested cities. With so many drivers on the road and distracted driving on the rise with the use of smartphones to talk and text, it’s no wonder the number of injury-causing and fatal car accidents continues to increase.


At McNicholas & McNicholas, LLP, we have helped countless clients who have been injured in a car accident caused by someone else's negligence. Our Los Angeles car accident lawyers have the skills required to hold those responsible for your injuries and losses accountable. We offer a free consultation and we take cases on contingency, so you never pay attorney fees until we have recovered compensation for you.

Car crash facts about California’s roads

People get injured and die in traffic crashes on California roadways far too often. Of the nearly half a million police-reported car crashes in 2017, there were 3,898 fatalities and 27,823 injuries according to 

to the California Active Transportation Safety Information Pages (CATSIP). Regardless of how much technology is added to vehicles to warn the driver when there is a possible collision up ahead and to monitor blind spots, fatalities, injuries and property damage continue to happen when drivers aren’t paying attention.

What to do immediately following a car accident

Being involved in a car accident can be a shocking experience. Your heart may be racing, and you may feel a rush of adrenaline after such a surprising event. Here are a few tips for you to keep in mind immediately following a motor vehicle crash:

  • If you are involved in a car accident, remain at the scene. Under California law you are obligated to stop and make sure that the other people involved in the accident are safe.
  • If you or someone else has been injured, call 911 immediately.
  • Call the police. Depending on where you are and the severity of the crash, a police car may not show up, but you must notify law enforcement immediately.
  • Get the names, contact information and insurance information from the other people involved in the crash.
  • Get license plate and VIN numbers for the other vehicles involved in the crash, and ask the drivers for their driver's license numbers.
  • Get the names and contact information for any witnesses.
  • Take pictures of the property damage, the accident scene and the immediate surroundings.
  • If you are involved in a crash with a parked car, leave a note with your contact information so the vehicle's owner can contact you.
  • Call your insurance company and notify them of the incident.
  • If there are injuries or property damage exceeding $750, you are required to report the accident to the DMV. (CA Department of Insurance)
  • Finally, call a Los Angeles car accident lawyer. McNicholas & McNicholas, LLP can represent you in your car accident injury claim.
  • If you have already been in a car crash and did not take some of these steps listed, you will want to contact an experienced Los Angeles car accident lawyer to review your case and advise on the legal options available to you.




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Pazartesi, Eylül 13, 2021

Central European prehistory was highly dynamic

 MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR EVOLUTIONARY ANTHROPOLOGY—Centrally located along trade routes and tightly nestled around the important waterways such as the Elbe River, Bohemia attracted many different archaeological cultures, rendering it a key region in understanding the prehistory of Europe. In addition to the expansions associated with the spread of agriculture and “steppe”-related ancestry previously discovered, this new study identifies at least another three migratory events which shaped central European prehistory.

The genetic profiles of people associated with Funnelbeaker and Globular Amphora cultures show evidence of being recent migrants to the region. This finding shows that the period between arrival of agriculture and “steppe”-related ancestry, hitherto thought of as an uneventful period, was more dynamic than previously hypothesized.

Drastic changes to the genetic landscape

The large sample size of the study, particularly concentrated on the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age (~6,000-3,700 years ago), also allowed novel insights into social processes to be made. Individuals associated with the Corded Ware culture expanded from Eastern Europe and then assimilated preferentially central European women into their culture, giving them the same burial ritual as members of the immigrating group. “We were finally able to fill key temporal gaps, especially in the transition period around 5,000 years ago, when we see the genetic landscape changing drastically”, says Max Planck researcher Wolfgang Haak, senior author and principal investigator of the study. “Intriguingly, in this early horizon we find individuals with high amounts of ‘steppe’ ancestry next to others with little or none, all buried according to the same customs.”

Once established, individuals of the Corded Ware culture (4,900-4,400 years ago) changed genetically through time. One important change seems to have been the sharp decline in Y-chromosome lineage diversity. Although initially carrying five different Y-lineages, later Corded Ware males carry almost exclusively only a single lineage, essentially being descended from the same man in the recent past. “This pattern may reflect the emergence of a new social structure or regulation of mating in which only a subset of men fathered the majority of offspring”, says first author Luka Papac, a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

This social structure seems to have been even stricter in the following Bell Beaker society (4,500-4,200 years ago) where every single male sampled belonged to a single, newly introduced Y-lineage. Remarkably, this Bell Beaker Y-lineage is never seen before in Bohemia, implying that a new clan arrived in the region and almost immediately replaced all pre-existing Y-lineages with not a single lineage from Corded Ware or previous societies found among Bell Beaker males.




Cultural, biological, and social changes

The Early Bronze Age Unetice culture has traditionally been thought of descending from Bell Beaker individuals, with perhaps limited input from the southeast (Carpathian Basin). However, the new genetic data supports yet another genetic turnover originating from regions northeast of Bohemia. Remarkably, also 80 percent of the early Unetice Y-lineages are new to Bohemia, some of which are previously found in individuals from north-eastern Europe, providing clues to where they originated from. “This finding was very surprising to us archaeologists as we did not expect to see such clear patterns, even though the region has played a critical role, e.g. in the emerging trade of amber from the Baltic and became an important trading hub during the Bronze and Iron Ages”, adds co-author and co-PI Michal Ernée from the Czech Academy of Sciences.

The results paint a highly dynamic picture of the prehistory of central Europe, with many and frequent changes in the cultural, biological, and social make-up of societies, highlighting the power and potential of high-resolution studies at regional scale. Challenges remain in understanding the socio-economic, environmental and/or political reasons and mechanisms behind these changes, which provides ample scope for future cross-disciplinary studies of Europe’s prehistory.

______________________________

Richly endowed Early Bronze Age burial from Bohemia, Czech Republic. Michal Ernée


Cumartesi, Temmuz 17, 2021

valleyofthepharaohs Mummy Seller.




A street vendor sells recently recovered mummies, 1875.

During the Victorian era, mummies were brought to Europe and unwrapped at parties dubbed ‘Unwrapping Parties’. Amid gasps of fascination, the upper class would swirl their whisky whilst layer after layer of linen would be peeled away to reveal the preserved remains underneath.

At this point in history Egyptology was still in its early stages. With the discovery of each new tomb, the artefacts would be catalogued, researched and studied. More and more interest was growing over this strange and fascinating ancient civilisation.

It got to the point where the elite hierarchy would pay high prices to get their hands on trinkets, treasures and even mummies to be used as props and conversations pieces at luxurious parties. Egyptology was still in its infancy and these mummies and artefacts weren’t treated with the respect that they deserved.

Photo: rarehistoricalphotos.com.

Salı, Temmuz 06, 2021

Egypt archeologists unearth 110 ancient tombs in Nile Delta

 


Egyptian archeologists unearthed 110 burial tombs at an ancient site in a Nile Delta province, the Tourism and Antiquities Ministry said Tuesday.

The graves, some of which have  inside, were found at the Koum el-Khulgan  in Dakahlia province, around 150 kilometers (93 miles) northeast of Cairo, the ministry said.

They include 68 oval-shaped tombs dating back to the Predynastic Period that spanned from 6000-3150 B.C., the ministry said.

There are also 37 rectangular-shaped tombs from an ancient era known as the Second Intermediate Period (1782-1570 B.C.), when the Semitic people of Hyksos ruled ancient Egypt, the ministry added.

The remaining five oval-shaped tombs date back to the Naqada III period that spanned from around 3200 B.C. to 3000 B.C.

Archeologists also found human remains of adults and children and funerary equipment and pottery objects in these tombs, the ministry said.

The discovery is the latest in a series of archaeological discoveries in recent years for which Egypt has sought publicity in the hopes of reviving its tourism sector. Tourism has been badly hurt by the turmoil following a 2011 uprising and now the coronavirus pandemic.


Pazartesi, Haziran 28, 2021

8,000-year-old rock painting made with ocher found
An 8-thousand-year-old rock painting was found in Erzurum, which is estimated to have been made with vaccine paint in the Early Chalcolithic age. The rock painting, which was found for the first time in the north-eastern Anatolia region, bears important traces of history from the point of view of the region.


In the Tortum District of Erzurum, rock paintings with deer motif made with vaccine paint containing iron oxides, which are very rare in the Eastern Anatolia region, were found. Scientific studies of the rock painting identified by the history researcher Oguzhan Turk are the director of the Erzurum Museum, Hosni Genç, Assoc. Dr. Yavuz Günaşdi and Dr. It was conducted by Ahmet Cünedi Has.

FIRST IN NORTH EAST ANATOLIA REGION After the examination, it was determined that the sample of the rock painting had been found in the Eastern Anatolia region before, but it was first seen in the North Eastern Anatolia region. It is estimated that the rock painting was made in the Late Neolithic or Early Chalcolithic age. The exact date of the rock paintings, estimated to have been made 8 thousand years ago, will become clear after the completion of the scientific review.



The doc. Dr. Yavuz Gunashdi stated that the discovery was very important in terms of the history of the Eastern Anatolia region. "We have identified very important rock paintings in Erzurum. These paintings are usually done in relief and line technique. We found a painting for the first time in the North-Eastern Anatolia region," he said. "DRAWN WITH DYES DERIVED FROM IRON OXIDES" "This painting is made with vaccine paint. "It was drawn with dyes obtained from iron oxides in this cave, "Gunashdi said," because it was made with vaccine paint, we focus on the fact that this painting is older than the previous ones. We can date it to the late Neolithic or Early Chalcolithic age. This leads us to 7,500 or 8 thousand years ago today,” he said. History researcher Oguzhan Turk, who identified the rock painting, said that the discovery was made 8 thousand years ago.

Cuma, Haziran 25, 2021

Don’t Dismiss the Alien Hypothesis

 


The United States has the most advanced aerospace capabilities of any country and spends more than twice as much on defense as Russia and China combined.


The Administration and Congress concur that these objects are not classified U.S. aircraft.


In the Nimitz incident and other cases, some of these vehicles have been observed doing things that we cannot replicate and do not understand.


Official records from the U.S. and other countries indicate that this is a global phenomenon that has been occurring since at least WW2 and perhaps far longer.


We have no reason to believe that many of these objects are from Russia or China, and in fact it seems improbable. Especially when we consider how long this phenomenon has been observed.


Consequently, the “not invented here” hypothesis is the only theory currently consistent with the known facts.


From any vantage point, we are more likely to encounter probes than signals from ET because probes are far safer, more efficient, and more effective for purposes of space exploration.


The radical capabilities and mysterious appearance of some of the vehicles being observed are consistent with what we'd expect of probes or craft from a space-faring civilization. As Arthur Clarke famously observed, “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic."


There is no scientific barrier to interstellar travel even if superluminal travel is impossible. My grandfather was born before the Wright brothers got off the ground. Now there are already a number of nations with robots on Mars and a consortium led by Yuri Millner is designing the first probe to visit another star system. It would take only a tiny fraction of the age of the Milky Way for a space-faring civilization, travelling at one-fifth the speed of light, to explore the entire galaxy.


Our government should establish a cleared panel of UAP, intelligence and scientific experts to study this issue. Mainstream scientists currently lack any detailed understanding either of the phenomenon or its long history, nor do they understand the range of sensor capabilities available to the U.S. or have the knowledge needed to understand where to look within our vast national security apparatus for answers. This has been shockingly evident in recent months with astronomers expressing their ignorance of the UAP topic by asking embarrassing questions such as “If UFOs are real how come commercial pilots never see them?” and “How come only Americans report UFOs?”


To be effective, the panel therefore needs to include people familiar with the long but obscure international and U.S. Government history of the issue as well as the classified data and capabilities our government possesses that can be used to obtain more information. Large expenditures are not required; progress will largely be a function of leadership, intellectual integrity, data access and organization.


Someone at a high level urgently needs to be assigned responsibility to find out where these objects are coming from, how they work and why they are here. Engineering and scientific efforts to replicate observed capabilities also require a high priority.


We can no longer deny that someone has mastered technology beyond our understanding and is using it to monitor U.S. military forces and probably much else. In some cases, such as the famous encounters of the Nimitz Carrier Strike Group, non-human origin is presently the theory that best fits all the facts. Until a better explanation emerges it is time to squarely confront the data and accord this revolutionary discovery the attention it deserves. Regardless of the source, we need a serious national effort to understand and emulate the capabilities we are observing.


Regardless of the origin of these craft, the stakes could not be higher. Ignorance is not a national security strategy, and we have never before been a nation deterred by fear of the unknown. The benefits that might result could include massive technological breakthroughs and revolutionary advances and insights that might otherwise take eons to acquire. The only responsible course of action is to proceed expeditiously with open minds, perhaps jointly with other nations to make faster progress and mitigate growing international tensions and rivalries.


How can we turn aside knowing what we now know? There is really no choice other than to press forward in pursuit of the truth with the hope and expectation that new frontiers of knowledge will be discovered for our nation and hopefully for the benefit of all mankind.